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Generate a JSON documentation for a Vue file component

Generate a JSON documentation for a Vue file component

The Vuedoc Parser

Generate a JSON documentation for a SFC Vue component.

Install

npm install --save @vuedoc/parser

Features

  • Extract the component name (from the name field or from the filename)
  • Extract the component description
  • Keywords Support: You can define your own keywords with the @ symbol like
    @author Jon Snow
  • Extract component model
  • Extract component props
  • Extract component data
  • Extract computed properties with dependencies
  • Extract component events
  • Extract component slots
  • Extract component methods
  • Class Component Support
  • Vue Property Decorator Support
  • JSDoc Support (@param and
    @return tags)

Options

name description
filename The filename to parse. Required unless filecontent is passed
filecontent The file content to parse. Required unless filename is passed
encoding The file encoding. Default is 'utf8'
features The component features to parse and extract.
Default features: ['name', 'description', 'keywords', 'slots', 'model', 'props', 'data', 'computed', 'events', 'methods']
loaders Use this option to define custom loaders for specific languages
defaultMethodVisibility Can be set to 'public' (default), 'protected', or 'private'
ignoredVisibilities List of ignored visibilities. Default: ['protected', 'private']
stringify Set to true to disable parsing of literal values and stringify literal values. Default: false

Note for stringify option

By default Vuedoc Parser parses literal values defined in the source code.
This means:

const binVar = 0b111110111 // will be parsed as binVar = 503
const numVar = 1_000_000_000 // will be parsed as numVar = 1000000000

To preserve literal values, set the stringify option to true.

Usage

See test/fixtures/checkbox.vue
for an Vue Component decoration example.

const Vuedoc = require('@vuedoc/parser')
const options = {
  filename: 'test/fixtures/checkbox.vue'
}

Vuedoc.parse(options)
  .then((component) => console.log(component))
  .catch((err) => console.error(err))

This will print this JSON output:

{
  "name": "checkbox" // The component name
  "description": "A simple checkbox component" // The component description
  // Attached component keywords
  "keywords": [
    { "name": "author", "description": "Sébastien" }
  ],
  "props": [ ... ],
  "data": [ ... ],
  "computed": [ ... ],
  "slots": [ ... ],
  "events": [ ... ],
  "methods": [ ... ]
}

See test/fixtures/checkbox-result.json for the complete result.

Syntax

Add component name

By default, Vuedoc Parser use the component's filename to generate the
component name.

To set a custom name, use the name field like:

export default {
  name: 'my-checkbox'
}

You can also use the @name keyword to set the component name:

/**
 * @name my-checkbox
 */
export default {
  // ...
}

Add component description

To add a component description, just add a comment before the export default
statement like:

/**
 * Component description
 */
export default {
  ...
}

Annotate model, props, data and computed properties

To document props, data or computed properties, use comments like:

export default {
  props: {
    /**
     * Component ID
     */
    id: {
      type: String,
      required: true
    }
  },
  data () {
    return {
      /**
       * Indicates that the control is checked
       */
      isChecked: false
    }
  },
  computed: {
    /**
     * Indicates that the control is selected
     */
    selected () {
      return this.isChecked
    }
  }
}

Vuedoc Parser will automatically extract required and default values for
properties and computed properties dependencies. It will also detect type for
each defined data field.

You can set a custom default value of an prop by using the keyword @default.

export default {
  props: {
    /**
     * Custom default value
     * @default { anything: 'custom default value' }
     */
    custom: {
      type: String,
      default: () => {
        // complex code
        return anythingExpression()
      }
    }
  }
}

To document a v-model prop, a proper way is to use the Vue's
model field if you use Vue +2.2.0.

export default {
  /**
   * Use `v-model` to define a reactive value of the checkbox
   */
  model: {
    prop: 'checked',
    event: 'change'
  }
}

You can also use the @model keyword on a prop if you use an old Vue version:

export default {
  props: {
    /**
     * The checkbox model
     * @model
     */
    model: {
      type: Array,
      required: true
    }
  }
}

To document Vue array string props, just attach a Vuedoc comment to each prop:

export default {
  props: [
    /**
     * Checkbox ID
     */
    'id',

    /**
     * The checkbox model
     */
    'value'
  ]
}

By default, all extracted things have the public visibility.
To change this for one entry, add @protected or @private keyword.

export default {
  data: () => ({
    /**
     * This will be ignored on parsing
     * @private
     */
    isChecked: false
  })
}

Annotate methods, events and slots

To document methods or events, just add comments before:

export default {
  methods: {
    /**
     * Submit form
     */
    check () {
      /**
       * Emit the `input` event on submit
       */
      this.$emit('input', true)
    }
  }
}

Vuedoc Parser automatically extracts events from component hooks:

export default {
  created () {
    /**
     * Emit on Vue `created` hook
     */
    this.$emit('created', true)
  }
}

Use the JSDoc @param and
@return tags to define parameters and
returning type:

export default {
  methods: {
    /**
     * Submit form
     *
     * @param {object} data - Data to submit
     * @return {boolean} true on success; otherwise, false
     */
    submit (data) {
      /**
       * Emit the `loading` event on submit
       *
       * @arg {boolean} status - The loading status
       */
      this.$emit('loading', true)

      return true
    }
  }
}

Note: @arg is an alias of @param

The parser is also able to extract events and slots from template:

<template>
  <div>
    <!-- Emit the `input` event on submit -->
    <button @click="$emit('input', $event)">Submit</button>
    <!-- Default slot -->
    <slot></slot>
    <!-- Use this slot to set the checkbox label -->
    <slot name="label">Unnamed checkbox</slot>
    <!--
      Slot with keywords and
      multiline description

      @prop {User} user - The current user
      @prop {UserProfile} profile - The current user's profile
    -->
    <slot name="header" v-bind:user="user" v-bind:profile="profile"/>
  </div>
</template>

Usage with non primitive name

You can use special keywords @method and @event for non primitive name:

<script>
  const METHODS = {
    CLOSE: 'closeModal'
  }

  const EVENTS = {
    CLOSE: 'close'
  }

  export default {
    methods: {
      /**
        * Close modal
        * @method closeModal
        */
      [METHODS.CLOSE] () {
        /**
          * Emit the `close` event on click
          * @event close
          */
        this.$emit(EVENTS.CLOSE, true)
      }
    }
  }
</script>

Annotate slots defined in Render Functions

To annotate slots defined in Render Functions, just attach the keyword @slot
to the component definition:

/**
 * A functional component with slots defined in render function
 * @slot title - A title slot
 * @slot default - A default slot
 */
export default {
  functional: true,
  render(h, { slots }) {
    return h('div', [
      h('h1', slots().title),
      h('p', slots().default)
    ])
  }
}

You can also use the keyword @slot to define dynamic slots on template:

<template>
  <div>
    <template v-for="name in ['title', 'default']">
      <!--
        @slot title - A title slot
        @slot default - A default slot
      -->
      <slot :name="name" :slot="name"></slot>
    </template>
  </div>
</template>

Keywords Extraction

You can attach keywords to any comment and then extract them using the parser.

Usage

/**
 * Component description
 *
 * @author Arya Stark
 * @license MIT
 */
export default { ... }

Note that the description must alway appear before keywords definition

Parsing result:

{
  "name": "my-checkbox",
  "description": "Component description",
  "keywords": [
    {
      "name": "author",
      "description": "Arya Stark"
    },
    {
      "name": "license",
      "description": "MIT"
    }
  ]
}

Working with Mixins

Since Vuedoc Parser don't perform I/O operations, it completely ignores the
mixins property.

To parse a mixin, you need to parse its file as a standalone component and
then merge the parsing result with the result of the initial component:

const Vuedoc = require('@vuedoc/parser')
const merge = require('deepmerge')

const parsers = [
  Vuedoc.parse({ filename: 'mixinFile.js' })
  Vuedoc.parse({ filename: 'componentUsingMixin.vue' })
]

Promise.all(parsers)
  .then(merge.all)
  .then((mergedParsingResult) => console.log(mergedParsingResult))
  .catch((err) => console.error(err))

Using the keyword @mixin

You can use the special keyword @mixin to force parsing named exported
component:

import Vue from 'vue';

/**
 * @mixin
 */
export const InputMixin = Vue.extend({
  props: {
    id: String,
    Value: [ Boolean, Number, String ]
  }
});

Parsing control with options.features

options.features lets you select which Vue Features you want to parse and
extract.

The default value is defined by Vuedoc.Parser.SUPPORTED_FEATURES array.

Usage

Only parse name, props, computed properties, slots and events:

const Vuedoc = require('@vuedoc/parser')

const options = {
  filename: 'test/fixtures/checkbox.vue',
  features: [ 'name', 'props', 'computed', 'slots', 'events' ]
}

Vuedoc.parse(options)
  .then((component) => Object.keys(component))
  .then((keys) => console.log(keys))
  // => [ 'name', 'props', 'computed', 'slots', 'events' ]

Parse all features except data:

const Vuedoc = require('@vuedoc/parser')

const options = {
  filename: 'test/fixtures/checkbox.vue',
  features: Vuedoc.Parser.SUPPORTED_FEATURES.filter((feature) => feature !== 'data')
}

Vuedoc.parse(options)
  .then((component) => Object.keys(component))
  .then((keys) => console.log(keys))
  // => [ 'name', 'description', 'keywords', 'model',
  //      'props', 'computed', 'events', 'methods', 'slots' ]

Language Processing

Loader API

abstract class Loader {
  public static extend(loaderName: string, loaderClass: Loader);
  public abstract load(source: string): Promise<void>;
  public emitTemplate(source: string): Promise<void>;
  public emitScript(source: string): Promise<void>;
  public emitErrors(errors: Array<string>): Promise<void>;
  public pipe(loaderName: string, source: string): Promise<void>;
}

Build-in loaders

Language Load by default? Package
HTML Yes @vuedoc/parser/loader/html
JavaScript Yes @vuedoc/parser/loader/javascript
Pug No @vuedoc/parser/loader/pug
TypeScript No @vuedoc/parser/loader/typescript
Vue Yes @vuedoc/parser/loader/vue

TypeScript usage

The Vuedoc Parser package contains a loader for TypeScript. To use it, you need
to:

  • install typescript and @types/node dependencies according the
    official documentation
  • import and load the loader @vuedoc/parser/loader/typescript
const Vuedoc = require('@vuedoc/parser')
const TypeScriptLoader = require('@vuedoc/parser/loader/typescript')

const options = {
  filename: 'DatePicker.ts',
  loaders: [
    /**
     * Register TypeScriptLoader
     * Note that the name of the loader is either the extension
     * of the file or the value of the attribute `lang`
     */
    Vuedoc.Loader.extend('ts', TypeScriptLoader)
  ]
}

Vuedoc.parse(options).then((component) => {
  console.log(component)
})

Create a custom loader

The example below uses the abstract Vuedoc.Loader class to create a
specialized class to handle a template with the CoffeeScript
language. It uses the Pug language for templating:

const Vuedoc = require('@vuedoc/parser')
const PugLoader = require('@vuedoc/parser/loader/pug')
const CoffeeScript = require('coffeescript')

class CoffeeScriptLoader extends Vuedoc.Loader {
  load (source) {
    const outputText = CoffeeScript.compile(source);

    // don't forget the return here
    return this.emitScript(outputText);
  }
}

const options = {
  filecontent: `
    <template lang="pug">
      div.page
        h1 Vuedoc Parser with Pug
        // Use this slot to define a subtitle
        slot(name='subtitle')
    </template>

    <script lang="coffee">
      ###
      # Description of MyInput component
      ###
      export default
        name: 'MyInput'
    </script>
  `,
  loaders: [
    /**
     * Register CoffeeScriptLoader
     * Note that the name of the loader is either the extension
     * of the file or the value of the attribute `lang`
     */
    Vuedoc.Loader.extend('coffee', CoffeeScriptLoader),

    // Register the Pug loader
    Vuedoc.Loader.extend('pug', PugLoader)
  ]
}

Vuedoc.parse(options).then((component) => {
  console.log(component)
})

Output

{
  name: 'MyInput',
  description: 'Description of MyInput component',
  slots: [
    {
      kind: 'slot',
      visibility: 'public',
      description: 'Use this slot to define a subtitle',
      keywords: [],
      name: 'subtitle',
      props: []
    }
  ],
  // ...
}

Parsing Output Interface

type ParsingOutput = {
  name: string;               // Component name
  description: string;        // Component description
  inheritAttrs: boolean;
  keywords: Keyword[];        // Attached component keywords
  model?: ModelEntry;         // Component model
  slots: SlotEntry[];         // Component slots
  props: PropEntry[];         // Component props
  data: DataEntry[];          // Component data
  computed: ComputedEntry[];  // Computed properties
  events: EventEntry[];       // Events
  methods: MethodEntry[];     // Component methods
  errors: string[];           // Syntax and parsing errors
};

enum NativeTypeEnum {
  string,
  number,
  bigint,
  boolean,
  bigint,
  any,                        // for an explicit `null` or `undefined` values
  object,                     // for an array or an object
  CallExpression              // for a value like `new Date()`
};

type Keyword = {
  name: string;
  description: string;
}

interface Entry {
  kind: 'computed' | 'data' | 'event' | 'method' | 'model' | 'prop' | 'slot';
  visibility: 'public' | 'protected' | 'private';
  description: string;
  keywords: Keyword[];
}

interface ModelEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'model';
  prop: string;
  event: string;
}

interface SlotEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'slot';
  name: string;
  props: SlotProp[];
}

type SlotProp = {
  name: string;
  type: string;
  description: string;
};

interface ModelEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'model';
  prop: string;
  event: string;
}

interface PropEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'prop';
  name: string;               // v-model when the @model keyword is attached
  type: string | string[];    // ex. Array, Object, String, [String, Number]
  nativeType: NativeTypeEnum;
  default?: string;
  required: boolean = false;
  describeModel: boolean;     // true when the @model keyword is attached
}

interface DataEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'data';
  name: string;
  type: NativeTypeEnum;
  initial?: string;
}

interface ComputedEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'computed';
  name: string;
  dependencies: string[];     // list of dependencies of the computed property
}

interface EventEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'event';
  name: string;
  arguments: EventArgument[];
}

type EventArgument = {
  name: string;
  description: string;
  type: string;
};

interface MethodEntry extends Entry {
  kind: 'method';
  name: string;
  params: MethodParam[];
  return: MethodReturn;
}

type MethodParam = {
  type: string;
  name: string;
  description: string;
  defaultValue?: string;
}

type MethodReturn = {
  type: string = 'void';
  description: string;
};

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